Bump and Run Increase Your Smash Factor

By David AllenOctober 15, 2009, 11:31 pm
We know it's difficult to find time to practice during the week. When a Saturday or Sunday tee time rolls around, you're hoping to find some spark or productive swing thought that will help you break 100, 90, 80 or whatever your scoring goal may be.
 
With the weekend warrior in mind we created Bump and Run, a weekly Q&A with some of the game's top instructors. Each Friday, a teaching professional will occupy this space and answer questions directed toward improving your game. This week it's Mike Malaska, worldwide director of instruction for the Nicklaus Academies and one of Golf Digest's America's 50 Greatest Teachers.
Mike Malaska headshotMIKE MALASKA
Director of Instruction, Superstition Mountain G&CC, Superstition Mountain, AZ; Worldwide Director of Instruction, Nicklaus Academies

Accomplishments:
- Golf Digest's 50 Greatest Teachers
- Golf Magazine's Top 100 Teachers
- 1996 Utah PGA Section Teacher of the Year

Notable Students (past and present): Tom Lehman, Phil Blackmar, Fred Funk, Bruce Summerhays, Don Pooley
 
Web Site:
malaskagolf.com
 

Malaska, a former All-American at Weber State University in Ogden, Utah, competed in the 1982 and 1986 U.S. Opens, and was a regular on the mini-tours. He came within one shot of qualifying for both the PGA and Champions Tours, but never did earn his card.

Considered one of the pioneers in golf-specific conditioning and fitness, Malaska competed in several long drive contests during college. Today, he still boasts a clubhead speed of 112-114 miles per hour and a ball speed of 167-170 mph, considered above average for someone on the Champions Tour.

'It doesn't take a lot of clubhead speed to hit the ball far if you have the maximum smash factor,' said Malaska, who's on the advisory staff for TaylorMade-adidas Golf. 'Whatever your clubhead speed is with the driver, your ball speed should be 1-1/2 times that off the clubface. If you take a look at the clubhead and ball speeds of most amateurs, their clubhead speed might be 100 mph but their ball speed is 135 or 140 mph, not 150, which means they haven't learned how to square the clubface on the ball correctly.'
 
To submit a question to Malaska or one of our teachers, please e-mail bumpandrun@thegolfchannel.com and check back every Friday to see if your question got answered. 

So how does one generate a maximum smash factor of 1.5?

It’s a combination of using all the levers in your swing (hands, arms, wrists, club) efficiently, which maximizes clubhead speed, and how the clubface runs into the ball. You have to learn to square the face and have it delofted through impact. You don't want to be adding loft to the face. As the clubhead travels through the ball the toe is turning over and passing the heel, so the face is shutting down, delofting the club.

The angle you're hitting up on the ball is about 2 degrees, so if you have a 10-degree driver you should have 12 degrees of launch angle. Most amateurs, if they have a 10-degree driver, have a clubface with 13 or 14 degrees of loft on it at impact, because they’re sliding the bottom of the clubhead under the ball a little. The ball doesn’t compress on the face, and that’s why their ball speed doesn’t match their clubhead speed.

What kind of distance can one expect if they do max out their smash factor?

If someone has a clubhead speed of 100 mph, they should have 150 mph of ball speed with the driver. Launch it at the right angle with the right spin and it’ll carry about 260-265 yards. If their ball speed isn’t 1.5 times their clubhead speed, then they don’t need more speed, they need to control the speed they already have and they’ll pick up anywhere from five to 20 yards of distance.

Do you have a power tip for those golfers who hit the ball fairly straight, but struggle to get any distance off the tee?

There are a number of speed producers in the golf swing, the primary one being your hands, arms, wrists and club, being able to use these levers to create maximum speed. When you make your backswing, see that there's a 90-degree angle to your left arm and the club shaft when your left arm is parallel to the ground (about waist height). On the follow-through side, your right arm and the shaft should be back to that 90-degree angle, so that you've gone from an 'L' on one side to an 'L' on the other.

The clubhead doesn't have to travel a huge amount of distance because neither the club nor your hands are moving all that much.

Tiger creates L in backswing and follow through
Tiger Woods hinges the club back and re-hinges it on the follow-through for maximum clubhead speed.
Where most people lose their clubhead speed is they don’t know how to use these levers. They try to use their hips and body. It’s not how fast your body moves, it’s about how fast your arms and the club go. If your body starts moving faster but the arms and the club don’t continue to accelerate with it, which is what happens to most people, you release the clubhead early and the club actually slows down through impact.

Conversely, do you have a tip for those golfers who can hit the ball a mile, but struggle to keep it in play?

One of the best drills you can do is to set up to a ball, make a full swing and see if you can hit the ball 100 yards; try and hit the ball in the center of the clubface. Gradually increase your clubhead speed at the bottom of your swing, where the ball is. Don’t change your speed on the backswing or at the change of direction. When you get to the point where you can’t add any more speed, that’s as far as you go. If you go any harder, you’re not going to be able to control your ball.

Any advice for the weekend warrior? Something that may help them drop a shot or two during their Saturday or Sunday round?

The rotation of your left arm is what stabilizes and squares the clubface. The left forearm rotates and the left elbow folds; the left arm does not pull away from your side. Feel as if your left arm and forearm start to rotate from your shoulder socket almost immediately at the start of the downswing. It’s a gradual and continual rotation all the way into the follow-through, which keeps the left arm against your chest.

Moving off the subject of driving, one of our readers wants to know what you can do if you have trouble seeing the break on the green? Any green reading tips for this?

Take a step back, crouch down, and look at the horizon. See if you can find something flat, like the roofline on a house, or some water. Look down from that roofline and glance at the green and you should see the break because you have a reference to something that is level (the roofline). Most of the guys on Tour look off into the horizon and then look down to the green, so it’s easier to pick out the break. If you just stare down at the green, at your feet, you have no reference to the break.

Related Videos from Mike Malaska
  • Speed and Timing
  • Stretching at the Tee
  • Creating Width
  • Getty Images

    Honda Classic: Tee times, TV schedule, stats

    By Golf Channel DigitalFebruary 19, 2018, 11:44 pm

    The PGA Tour heads back east to kick off the Florida Swing at PGA National. Here are the key stats and information for the Honda Classic. Click here for full-field tee times.

    How to watch:

    Thursday, Rd. 1: Golf Channel, 2-6PM ET; live stream: http://www.golfchannel.com/pgastream

    Friday, Rd. 2: Golf Channel, 2-6PM ET; live stream: http://www.golfchannel.com/pgastream

    Saturday, Rd. 3: Golf Channel, 1-2:45PM ET; live stream: http://www.golfchannel.com/pgastream; CBS, 3-6PM ET

    Sunday, Rd. 4: Golf Channel, 1-2:45PM ET; live stream: http://www.golfchannel.com/pgastream; CBS, 3-6PM ET


    Purse: $6.6 million ($1,188,000 to the winner)

    Course: PGA National, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida (par-70; 7,140 yards)

    Defending champion: Rickie Fowler (-12) won by four, picking off his fourth PGA Tour victory.


    Notables in the field:

    Tiger Woods

    • Making his fourth start at the Honda Classic and his first since withdrawing with back spasms in 2014.

    • Shot a Sunday 62 in a T-2 finish in 2012, marking his lowest career final-round score on the PGA Tour.

    • Coming off a missed cut at last week's Genesis Open, his 17th in his Tour career.


    Rickie Fowler

    • The defending champion owns the lowest score to par and has recorded the most birdies and eagles in this event since 2012.

    • Fowler's last start was at the Waste Management Phoenix Open, where he failed to close a 54-hole lead. Fowler is 1 for 6 with 54-hole leads in his Tour career, with his only successful close coming at last year's Honda.

    • On Tour this year, Fowler is first in scrambling from the fringe, second in total scrambling and third in strokes gained around the green. 


    Rory McIlroy

    • It's been feast or famine for McIlroy at the Honda. He won in 2012, withdrew with a toothache in 2013, finished T-2 in 2014 and missed the cut in 2015 and 2016.

    • McIlroy ascended to world No. 1 with his victory at PGA National in 2012, becoming the second youngest player at 22 years old to top the OWGR, behind only Tiger Woods. McIlroy was later edged by a slightly younger 22-year-old Jordan Spieth.

    • Since the beginning of 2010, only Dustin Johnson (15) has more PGA Tour victories than Rory McIlroy (13). 

    Getty Images

    Randall's Rant: Tiger no longer one with the chaos

    By Randall MellFebruary 19, 2018, 9:49 pm

    Back in the day, Tiger Woods appeared to relish riding atop the chaos, above the raucous waves of excitement that followed him wherever he went.

    Like Kelly Slater surfing epic peaks at Banzai Pipeline ...

    Like Chris Sharma dangling atop all the hazards on the cliff face of “The Impossible Climb” at Clark Mountain ...

    Hell, like Chuck Yeager ahead of the sonic boom he created breaking the sound barrier in a Bell X-1 over the Mojave Desert in 1947.

    It was difficult to tell whether Woods was fueling the bedlam in his duel with Bob May in the 2000 PGA Championship, or if it was fueling him.

    Fans scampered in a frenzy you rarely see in golf to get the best look they could at his next shot at Valhalla in that playoff.

    Same thing when Woods turned his 15-shot rout into a victory parade in the final round of the U.S. Open at Pebble Beach that same year.

    And when Woods improbably chipped in at the 16th at Augusta National to shake every pine tree at the Masters before going on to defeat Chris DiMarco in a playoff in 2005.

    Tiger brought a boisterous, turbulent new wave of excitement to the game, unrivaled since Arnie’s Army followed the legend in his heyday.

    Woods attracted new fans who did not understand golf’s time-honored traditions. He lured them to the game’s most hallowed grounds. There were challenges with that, though they always seemed more daunting to Woods’ playing partners than to him.

    At his best, Tiger seemed to be one with the chaos, able to turn its energy into his energy.

    Every Tiger pairing in his prime turned wherever he was into a home game, turned every golf course into his stadium and transformed every opponent into the visiting team.

    We heard how hard that was for the Bob Mays, Chris DiMarcos and even the Ernie Els of the world.



    That’s what added to the intrigue of Tiger’s return to Riviera last week, and what will make this week at PGA National and the Honda Classic similarly interesting.

    Tiger’s back.

    Well, the overly exuberant frenzy only he can create is back, but his game isn’t. Not yet. And now we’re hearing how the bedlam is a challenge to more than his playing partners. It’s a challenge to his game, too.

    “It cost me a lot of shots over the years,” Woods said at the Genesis Open. “It’s cost me a few tournaments here and there.

    “I’ve dealt with it for a very long time.”

    Huh? Did Tiger forget the advantage he had playing in a storm? Or are today’s storms different, more unruly, more destructive?

    Did having total control of all facets of his game when he was at his best make the bedlam work for him?

    Does the focus it requires to find his old magic today make the chaos work against him?

    Jack Nicklaus used to say that when he heard players complaining about difficult conditions going into a major, he checked them off his list of competitive threats.

    You wonder if Tiger did the same back in the day, when players talked about the challenges that surrounded a pairing with him.

    Golf is different than other sports. That has to be acknowledged here.

    When you hear mainstream sports fans wonder what is so wrong with a fan yelling in a player’s backswing, you know they don’t understand the game. A singular comment breaking the silence over a player’s shot in golf is like a fan sneaking onto the field in football and tripping a receiver racing up the sideline. It is game-changing chaos.

    Is Tiger facing game-changing chaos now?

    Or was Riviera’s noise something he just can’t harness in his current state of repair? Is there more pressure on him trying to come back in that environment?

    If Rory McIlroy needed a “couple Advil” for the headache the mayhem at the Genesis Open caused him playing with Tiger last week, then May and DiMarco must have needed shots of Demerol.

    Then all those guys who lost majors to Tiger in final-round pairings with him must have felt like they endured four-hour migraines.

    “It got a little out of hand,” Justin Thomas said of his two days with Tiger at Riviera.

    Maybe McIlroy and Thomas were dealing with something boisterously new, more Phoenix Open in its nausea than anything Tiger created when he broke golf out of a niche.

    Whatever it is, Tiger’s challenge finding his best will be even more complicated if he’s no longer one with the chaos, if he can no longer turn its energy into his energy.

    If that’s the case, he really may be just one of the guys this time around.

    Getty Images

    What's in the bag: Genesis Open winner Watson

    By Golf Channel DigitalFebruary 19, 2018, 7:02 pm

    Bubba Watson won the Genesis Open for a third time in his career. Here's a look inside his bag:

    Driver: Ping G400 LST (7.6 degrees), with Grafalloy Bi-Matrix Prototype X shaft

    Hybrid: Ping G (19 degrees), with Matrix Altus Hybrid X shaft

    Irons: Ping iBlade (2), Ping S55 (4-PW), with True Temper Dynamic Gold Tour Issue X100 shafts

    Wedges: Ping Glide 2.0 (52 degrees, 56 degrees, 62 degrees), with True Temper Dynamic Gold Tour Issue X100 shafts

    Putter: Ping PLD Anser

    Ball: Titleist Pro V1x

    Getty Images

    Monday Scramble: Which way did he go?

    By Ryan LavnerFebruary 19, 2018, 4:15 pm

    Bubba Watson reemerges, Tiger Woods misses the cut, the PGA Tour might have a fan problem, Billy Hurley III loses an election and more in this week’s edition of Monday Scramble:

    Bubba Golf is back, and not a moment too soon for the PGA Tour.

    Love him or loathe him – and there are plenty of folks on both side of the aisle – the game is more interesting when Watson is in the mix.

    Bubba went AWOL for two years, and entering the back half of his 30s, he thought his golf career might be finished. He got passed over for a Ryder Cup spot in 2016, despite being ranked inside the top 10 in the world. He endured a mysterious illness that caused him to lose 40 pounds on his already slight frame. He surprisingly changed his golf ball (more on that later). And he questioned his desire and motivation to play, until wife Angie gave him a swift kick in his white pants.

    Watson was at his best at Riviera, again, shaping shots around the tree-lined fairways and holing just enough putts for a two-shot win.

    Where Bubba goes from here – the Masters is less than 50 days away – is anyone’s guess, but the game just got a lot more entertaining.

    1. Watson has not disclosed what illness he suffered from last year, and in true Bubba fashion, he grew tired of being asked about it, even though he was the one who brought it up. “I’m not talking about the illness no more, it’s no big deal. I’m here. I’m healthy. There are people that are a lot sicker than me in this world, so the illness is nothing.”

    He said that he seriously wondered whether he’d ever win tournaments again. Though he has a number of small businesses to fall back on – a candy shop, a minor-league baseball team, a car dealership – it’s not as satisfying as playing good golf.  

    "I was close [to retirement]," he said. "My wife was not close. My wife basically told me to quit whining and play golf. She’s a lot tougher than I am."

    2. Though his game was already trending downward, Watson decided to switch his ball at the beginning of 2017. Players change equipment all the time, of course, but none rely on feel and shot shape as much as Watson.

    It was a bizarre decision that he hasn’t yet fully explained, and likely never will, but he said in October that he didn’t have a ball deal to begin this new season. He played the Titleist Pro V1x at Riviera.

    “Equipment is not the problem,” he said Sunday. “I got down to low-160s in weight. My ball speed, my swing, everything changed.”  

    3. As memorable as Bubba’s holed bunker shot on 14 was, this will be the defining moment of his week in LA:


    4. Here’s what Watson said in late 2014: “My goal is 10 wins and to make every team event. Those are the biggest goals. And until we reach those goals, I’m going to keep trying. If I get to 10, then I can switch it from there. Or retire.”

    Watson on Sunday bristled when asked whether he was possibly going to retire, like he had said – “I don’t know if I was going to retire, let’s don’t start putting words out there” – but the point remains that he now has to change his goals.

    And he doesn’t know where to start.

    “Nobody thought that Bubba Watson from Bagdad, Fla., would ever get to 10 wins, let’s be honest,” he said. “Without lessons, head case, hooking the ball, slicing the ball, can’t putt. Somehow we’re here, making fun of it. So yes, I’ve got to set a new goal.”

    After this latest win, and the two-year exemption, he said that he won’t retire for at least two more years, and that he’ll play the Masters “until they kick me out.”



    5. The Tiger Woods comeback tour hit a snag last week at Riviera.

    The driving issues that hampered Woods at Torrey Pines didn't magically disappear. He was still inconsistent with his iron play. (His 16 greens hit in two rounds were the fewest of his Tour career.) And he wasn’t as sharp around the greens. It added up to 72-76 and an early exit in his first L.A. appearance in more than a decade.

    In two starts this year, Woods has hit 36 percent of the fairways and 54 percent of the greens.

    That's a problem, because PGA National might be even more difficult, with water on seemingly every hole and 15-mph winds expected. Uh-oh.

    6. Woods’ driver remains his biggest problem.

    While he’d largely eliminated the left side of the course at Torrey Pines, that wasn’t the case at Riviera.

    Putting a new, more “stout” model of shaft in his TaylorMade driver, Woods missed right almost exclusively in the opening round, then had several double crosses left with the big stick on Day 2.

    His short game and putting might be vastly improved compared to the horrors of the past few years, but it’ll be hard to compete and then contend if he’s hitting it off the planet. (And many of those off-line drives would find the water at PGA National.)

    For the week, he ranked 128th in strokes gained-off the tee, 100th approaching the green, 95th around the green and 65th putting.

    7. The news wasn’t all bad, though.

    That Woods committed to the Honda Classic, his hometown event, was an encouraging sign. That signals A) he has a desire to play tournaments, and B) he’s physically able to do it.

    For the first time in years, we’re finally able to judge Woods on the quality of his play, not his health. 



    8. The PGA Tour might be reaching a breaking point in regards to fan behavior.

    Players know what they’re signing up for at TPC Scottsdale, but even regular Tour stops are getting more raucous than players and officials would like.

    Woods created such a scene over the first two rounds at Riviera that his playing partner, Rory McIlroy, said that he had a splitting headache and that the circus probably costs Woods a half shot each round. Justin Thomas said Saturday that spectators are trying to scream and time their moronic comments perfectly. “It’s completely unacceptable,” he said.

    The same thing happened at Torrey Pines, where a fan screamed during Woods’ putting stroke. It happened (a lot) at Phoenix, where a fan twice yelled in Jordan Spieth’s downswing. And it’ll absolutely happen again this week at the Honda Classic, especially at the long, par-3 17th, where tournament organizers have put their most overserved fans almost directly on top of the tee.

    It’s only a matter of time before one of these idiots costs a player the tournament.  

    9. Bill Haas was involved in a horrifying car crash last week in Los Angeles. The driver of the Ferrari he was traveling in, 71-year-old Mark Gibello, was killed, while Haas and the driver of the other vehicle were taken to the hospital.

    It was a scary incident, and a sad one for the Haas family. Fortunately, Haas escaped without any major injuries, but the mental toll could be immense.

    Wish him the best.  



    10. So it looks like it’ll be another drama-filled year for Lydia Ko.

    After going winless in 2017 and changing every major aspect of her game, she returned this year with even more changes – a new swing coach, Ted Oh, and caddie, Jonny Scott. She tied for 19th in her season debut.

    It’s time to be concerned. She was on pace to be one of the all-time greats, but now – whether because of insecurity or too much parental involvement, who knows – she has changed her entire team. Again.

    Ko said she deleted Twitter from her phone not because of the deluge of criticism she has received over the past year. No, more curiously, she said it was because she didn’t use the app that much and it was “taking up [too much] storage on my phone.”

    Uhh ... Ko has more than $8.5 million in career earnings, so obviously she could splurge for the 256 GB plan, and the app takes up less storage on a phone than Uber, anyway.

    Maybe she’ll get it turned around this year, but we’re not overly optimistic. There’s too much noise upstairs. 

    11. Just in time for the run-up to the Masters, Spieth’s putter is starting to heat up.

    On tricky greens for the second consecutive week, Spieth had another week with a positive strokes gained-putting statistic – and that’s a marked improvement from the start of the year. He tied for ninth at Riviera.

    “I just made some tremendous progress,” he said. “I feel great about the state of my game going forward, feel like I’m in a great place at this time of the year as we’re starting to head into major season.”

    12. Amateur swing coaches popped up everywhere as Patrick Cantlay appeared painfully slow during Sunday’s final round.

    On full shots, he shuffles his feet while looking at the target and waggling the clubhead. But over putts, he remains still with his upper body while doing the same dance routine.

    While putting on the 16th and 17th holes, he took six and seven looks at the cup, respectively. Perhaps not surprisingly, those putts did not drop. Playing in the final group, he shot 71 and finished three back.

    Is there something going on here?

    Cantlay’s first-round scoring average (67.67, second on Tour) is almost four shots lower than in his final rounds (71.13, 100th). He has broken 70 only once on Sunday – and that was in Vegas, where he won with a closing 67.  

    Cantlay has incredible potential, but this is just one example of smart golf people believing he’d be better suited with a quicker routine:

    Billy Hurley III put together one of the most epic campaign ads of all time, but did he release it too late?!


    That’s the only reasonable explanation for why Hurley wasn’t elected as the next Player Advisory Council chairman on the PGA Tour.

    Hurley’s ad went viral, logging more than 750,000 views on Twitter, but he released it the day before the election. Maybe most Tour players already cast their votes.

    Shame.

    Maybe next time, #GoldenMan.

    This week's award winners ... 


    Peaking For Augusta?: Phil Mickelson. Well, well, well, Phil recorded a third consecutive top-6 finish, the first time he’s done that in 11 years. One massive hurdle remains – putting together four good rounds for his first win in nearly five wins – but he’s absolutely getting closer.

    Count Yo’ Money: Kevin Na. With a runner-up at Riviera, the 34-year-old has now crossed $25 million in earnings despite notching just one win in his Tour career.

    Changes Coming?: Augusta National’s fifth hole. Site plans were filed last month that show the 445-yard par 4 could be pushed back another 25 to 30 yards, the Augusta Chronicle reported. It’s a short- to mid-iron approach right now, but we’d rather see them address the severe undulations on the green.   



    Nice Goin’, Rook: Jin Young Ko. She went wire to wire to win in her first start as an LPGA member, at the Australian Open. She’s just the second to accomplish the feat, joining Beverly Hanson (1951). Of course, the 22-year-old Ko also won last fall, but at the time she wasn’t an official member. The check still cleared, though. 

    Stay Hot: Joost Luiten. He made 21 birdies in his last 54 holes to hold off Chris Wood and win the European Tour event in Oman.

    Blown Fantasy Pick of the Week: Paul Casey. Seemed an easy pick, after a playoff loss at Riviera in 2015 and after recording a tie for eighth at Pebble that was his 12th top-20 in his last 13 starts. Instead, he needed to birdie his final hole to make the cut on the number, then continued to tread water on the weekend, eventually finishing 49th. Sigh.