Historical look at the Ryder Cup

By Martin DavisSeptember 25, 2012, 5:49 pm

The history of the Ryder Cup is a fascinating journey – a real metamorphosis if you will – from halting efforts at an international match in the early years to American dominance after World War II and finally to restoring competitive balance with the addition of players from Continental Europe.

The Founding and Early Years

Interestingly, the first true international team golf match did not occur between the U.S. and Great Britain, but rather between the French and the U.S. It was 1913, the first big breakthrough year in golf as 20-year old amateur Francis Ouimet defeated the two leading players in the world, Brits Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, in an 18-hole playoff for the U.S. Open at The Country Club just outside of Boston. But in an event halfway around the world several months later, a four-man team of French professionals soundly defeated an American squad, 6-0, at Versailles. This proved to be the “grand daddy” of all international matches – older than the Walker Cup, the Curtis Cup, the Canada Cup and the Ryder Cup.

The concept of an international team event percolated further as the PGA of America first gave it serious consideration early in 1921. Later in the year the circulation manager of Golf Illustrated promoted what was supposed to be a match between the U.S. and Great Britain at Gleneagles, Scotland as a follow on to the Glasgow Herald’s 1000 Guineas tournament to help build circulation for the magazine. It was not a success as there were few in attendance, but interest was kindled.

At about the same time, Sam Ryder, a successful British seed merchant who made his fortune selling penny packet of seeds to the British public through the mail, ran a series of golf tournaments for the British pros in an effort to promote his company, the Heath and Heather Seed Company. Totally smitten with the game, Ryder hired top-notch British golf professional Abe Mitchell to teach him the game at the princely sum of 500 pounds a year. In discussions with Mitchell and his fellow pros Ryder thought that an international match between the two major golfing nations would encourage international understanding, get more American players to the Open Championship (and conversely more British professionals to the U.S. Open) and help promote Ryder’s penny packets of seeds.

Thus the first Ryder Cup matches were scheduled for Wentworth Golf Club in 1926 as a prelude to the qualifying the next week at Sunningdale for the British Open to be held at Royal Lytham. However, due a strike that shut down most travel into Britain, many of the American players weren’t able to get into the country and the American side had “replacement” players, mostly from British Commonwealth countries. Although the American side, led by Walter Hagen, was soundly defeated, 13 1/2 - 1 1/2, it was a start. As such, Ryder decided to hold the trophy until the next year when the two sides would contain native-born players on each side.

Thus the first “official” Ryder Cup, featuring four foursomes on the first day and eight singles on the second, was held at Worcester Country Club in Worcester, Mass. in June of 1927 as the 10-man U.S. team won decisively, 9 1/2 - 2 1/2.

With the matches alternating between the U.K. and the U.S., each side won on their native soil over the next four Ryder Cups: Great Britain won at Moortown in 1929, the U.S. won at Scioto in 1931 (with Charlie Nicklaus, Jack’s father, in attendance), the Brits winning at Southport in 1933 and finally the U.S. winning at Ridgewood in 1935. But it wasn’t until 1937, with the cup at Southport again, that a non-home team won as the American side prevailed for the first time on British soil 8-4. And, adding some spice to the matches, it was Hagen who led the U.S. side from the beginning in 1927 all the way up to 1937. In 1939 the Ryder Cup was halted for World War II. However, the American side named several teams during the war, playing numerous exhibition matches against challenge teams – once against a team led by the great amateur Bobby Jones – for the benefit of the USO and War Relief.

The Era of American Dominance

With the conclusion World War II, both America and Britain hungered mightily for normalcy – and the resumption of golf. But the Brits, worn out financially by the rigors of war, couldn’t muster the necessary funds to make the trip to Portland, Ore., for the Ryder Cup in 1947. Into the breach stepped one Robert Hudson, an Oregon industrialist, who literally saved the Ryder Cup by bank rolling the Brits’ trip to America. It was a gesture that showed the best of the Ryder Cup spirit, one that Sam Ryder would have certainly saluted.

But the matches were still fiercely contested. On the eve of the 1947 Ryder Cup the British captain, the feisty and combative Henry Cotton, claimed that certain American players – most notably Ben Hogan – were playing irons whose grooves were too sharp, thus making their balls stop abruptly on the greens. Cotton insisted that the American’s clubs be inspected. As a result, all the American’s irons were found to be conforming. So on the eve of the next Ryder Cup in 1949, non-playing American captain Hogan, still recovering from the horrific accident that nearly took his life some 10 months earlier, made a similar claim about the Brits’ clubs. Upon inspection, however, the clubs of two of the British players were indeed found to be nonconforming. As a result, the host pro at Ganton spent the evening filing down the offending irons so as to be ready for play the next morning. But the American side won this Ryder Cup, just as they did in 1947, thus starting an era of almost complete dominance in the transatlantic competition after World War II.

The American side went on to win 17 of the next 19 Ryder Cups, right up through 1983, with a tie coming in 1969 as Ryder Cup “rookie” Jack Nicklaus conceded a 4-foot putt to Tony Jacklin, thus ending the competition in a tie. It was one of the great shows of sportsmanship in the annals of sport, as the U.S. retained the cup having won it two years earlier. The only American loss, in 1957, was an aberration as a clearly outclassed British team upset a far-stronger American team at Lindrick.

The European Resurgence

In light of the continued dominance of the American side, interest in the Ryder Cup appeared to be waning. So, Jack Nicklaus suggested in 1977 to Lord Darby, the head of the British PGA, to expand the British team to include players from Continental Europe to add competitive balance. It was the one move that eventually elevated the Ryder Cup to the first rank of all of golf’s major tournaments.

With players from continental Europe allowed to compete in 1979, the Ryder Cup has become far more competitive – the European side has won eight Ryder Cups outright, retained the cup in another with a tie, while the American side has won seven, but only one of the last five. It gave the competition such wonderful players as Seve Ballesteros, Bernhard Langer, Sergio Garcia and this year’s European captain Jose Maria Olazabal, players with a superlative collective record of 73-41-20.

It’s been said that the essence of the Ryder Cup is pride and passion and raw emotions. I’d agree, but for true golf aficionados – and the competitors too – it’s almost existential, a little bit of life and death.

Quite simply, what Sam Ryder began in 1926 has grown to become the grandest event in the game.  

Martin Davis is the historian for Golf Channel and has written or edited 24 books on golf.

Park collapses; leaderboard chaos at CME

By Nick MentaNovember 18, 2017, 8:47 pm

Sung-Hyun Park started the day with a three-shot lead and slowly gave it all back over the course of a 3-over 75, leaving the CME Group Tour Championship and a host of season-long prizes up for grabs in Naples. Here’s where things stand through 54 holes at the LPGA finale, where Michelle Wie, Ariya Jutanugarn, Suzann Pettersen and Kim Kaufman share the lead.

Leaderboard: Kaufman (-10), Wie (-10), Jutanugarn (-10), Pettersen (-10), Stacy Lewis (-9), Karine Icher (-9), Austin Ernst (-9), Lexi Thompson (-9), Jessica Korda (-9), Pernilla Lindberg (-9)

What it means: It wasn’t the Saturday she wanted, but Park, who already wrapped up the Rookie of the Year Award, is still in position for the sweep of all sweeps. With a victory Sunday, she would claim the CME Group Tour Championship, the Race to CME Globe’s $1 million jackpot, the Rolex Player of the Year Award, and the money title, as she ascends to No. 1 in the Rolex world ranking. Meanwhile, Thompson, too, could take the $1 million and Player of the Year. As those two battle for season-long prizes, a host of other notable names – Wie, Jutanugarn, Pettersen, Korda, Lewis and Charley Hull (-8) – will fight for the Tour Championship.

Round of the day: Kaufman made four birdies on each side in a bogey-free 8 under-par 64. A lesser-known name on a stacked leaderboard, she seeks her first LPGA victory.

Best of the rest: Amy Yang will start the final round two behind after a 7-under 65. The three-time LPGA Tour winner could pick up her second title of the season after taking the Honda LPGA Thailand in February.

Biggest disappointment: On a day that featured plenty of low scores from plenty of big names, Lydia Ko dropped 11 spots down the leaderboard into a tie for 23rd with a Saturday 72. The former world No. 1 needed two birdies in her last five holes to fight her way back to even par. Winless this season, she’ll start Sunday four back, at 6 under.

Shot of the day: I.K. Kim aced the par-3 12th from 171 yards when her ball landed on the front of the green and tracked all the way to the hole.

Kim, oddly enough, signed her name to a scorecard that featured a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7. It was all part of a 1-under 71.

Watch: Pros try to hit 2-yard wide fairway in Dubai

By Grill Room TeamNovember 18, 2017, 5:20 pm

While in Dubai for the DP World Tour Championship, the European Tour prestented a little challenge to Ross Fisher, Richie Ramsay, Nicolas Colsaerts and Soren Kjeldsen. On a stretch of road outside of town, the four players had to try and hit a 2-yard wide fairway. Check out the results.

Rose (65) leads Rahm, Frittelli in Dubai

By Associated PressNovember 18, 2017, 3:24 pm

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates – Justin Rose will take a one-shot lead into the final day of the season-ending Tour Championship as he attempts to win a third straight title on the European Tour and a second career Race to Dubai crown.

The 37-year-old Rose made a gutsy par save on the final hole after a bogey-free round for a 7-under 65 Saturday and overall 15-under 201.

The Englishman leads South African Dylan Frittelli, who produced the day's best score of 63, and Spain's Jon Rahm, who played in the same group as Rose and matched his 65.

Rose is looking to be Europe's season-ending No. 1 for the second time. His leading rival for the Race to Dubai title, Tommy Fleetwood, is only two shots behind here after a second straight 65 on the Earth course of Jumeirah Golf Estates.

Fleetwood did his chances no harm by overcoming a stuttering start before making eight birdies in his final 11 holes to also post a 65. The 26-year-old Englishman was tied for fourth place at 13 under, alongside South African Dean Burmester (65) and Thailand's Kiradech Aphibarnrat (67), who closed with five birdies in a row.

''So, last day of the season and I've got a chance to win the Race to Dubai,'' Fleetwood said. ''It's cool.''


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Full-field scores from the DP World Tour Championship


Masters champion Sergio Garcia, the only other player with a chance to win the Race to Dubai title, is tied for 13th on 10 under after a 67.

Fleetwood had a lead of 256,737 points going into the final tournament and needs to equal or better Rose's finishing position to claim the title. If Rose doesn't finish in the top five and Garcia doesn't win, Fleetwood will have done enough.

Rose is hoping to win a third straight tournament after triumphs in China and Turkey.

Rose, who made some long putts for birdies apart from chipping in on the 13th hole, looked to be throwing away his advantage on the par-5 18th, when his second shot fell agonizingly short of the green and into the water hazard. But with his short game in superb condition, the reigning Olympic champion made a difficult up-and-down shot to stay ahead.

''That putt at the last is a big confidence-builder. That broke about 18 inches right-to-left downhill. That's the kind of putt I've been hoping to make. That was a really committed stroke. Hopefully I can build on that tomorrow,'' said Rose. ''I know what I need to do to stay at the top of the leaderboard. If I slip up tomorrow, he's (Fleetwood) right there. He's done everything he needs to do on his end, so it's a lot of fun.''

The last player to win three tournaments in a row on the European Tour was Rory McIlroy, when he won the Open Championship, the WGC-Bridgestone and the PGA Championship in 2014.

Fleetwood was 1 over after seven holes but turned it on with a hat trick of birdies from the eighth, and then four in a row from No. 13.

''I wanted to keep going. Let's bring the tee times forward for tomorrow,'' quipped Fleetwood after closing with a birdie on the 18th. ''Just one of them strange days where nothing was going at all. A couple sloppy pars on the par 5s, and a bad tee shot on fifth and I was 1-over through seven on a day where scoring has been really good ... Ninth and 10th, felt like we had something going ... it was a really good last 11 holes.''

If Park is nervous, she sure doesn't show it

By Randall MellNovember 17, 2017, 11:24 pm

NAPLES, Fla. – Sung Hyun Park says she can feel her heart pounding every time she steps to the first tee.

She says she always gets nervous starting a round.

You don’t believe it, though.

She looks like she would be comfortable directing a sky full of Boeing 737s as an air traffic controller at Incheon International Airport . . .

Or talking people off the ledges of skyscrapers . . .

Or disarming ticking bombs . . .

“In terms of golf, I always get nervous,” she insists.

Everything about Park was at odds with that admission Friday, after she took control halfway through the CME Group Tour Championship.

Her Korean nickname is “Dan Gong,” which means “Shut up and attack.” Now that sounds right. That’s what she looks like she is doing, trying to run roughshod through the Tour Championship in a historic sweep of all the LPGA’s most important awards and honors.

Park got just one look at Tiburon Golf Club before this championship began, playing in Wednesday’s pro-am. Then she marched out Thursday and shot 67, then came out Friday and shot 65.

At 12 under overall, Park has a three-shot lead on Caroline Masson and Sarah Jane Smith.

She is six shots up on Lexi Thompson, who leads the CME Globe point standings in the race for the $1 million jackpot.

She is 11 shots up on world No. 1 Shanshan Feng.

And 11 shots up on So Yeon Ryu, who leads the Rolex Player of the Year point standings.


CME Group Tour Championship: Articles, photos and videos

Full-field scores from the CME Group Tour Championship


There’s a long way to go, but Park is in position to make an epic sweep, to win the Tour Championship, that CME Globe jackpot, the Rolex Player of the Year Award, the Rolex Rookie of the Year Award, the Vare Trophy for low scoring average, the LPGA money-winning title and the Rolex world No. 1 ranking.

Nobody’s ever dominated a weekend like that in women’s golf.

It’s all there for the taking now, if Park can keep this going.

Park has another nickname back in South Korea. Her fans call her “Namdalla.” That means “I am different.” She’ll prove that if she owns this weekend.

Park, 24, isn’t assuming anything. She’s humbly aware how much talent is flooding the LPGA, how the tour’s depth was underscored in a year where five different players have reigned as world No. 1, five different players won majors and 22 different winners stepped forward in 32 events.

“I don’t think it’s quite that far a lead,” Park said of her three-shot advantage. “Two, three shots can change at any moment.”

About those nerves that Park insists plague her, even Hall of Famer Judy Rankin can’t see it.

Not when Park unsheathes a driver on a tee box.

“She’s the most fearless driver of the ball out here,” Rankin said. “I would put Lexi a close second and everybody else a distant third. She hits drivers on holes where you shouldn’t, and she hits it long and she just throws it right down there between hazard stakes that are 10 yards apart, like it’s nothing. Now, that’s a little hyperbole, but she will hit driver almost everywhere.”

David Jones, Park’s caddie, will attest to that. He was on Park’s bag when she won the U.S. Women’s Open in July and won the Canadian Pacific Women’s Open in August.

“She reaches for driver a lot because she is a good driver,” Jones said. “She isn’t reckless. She’s as accurate with a driver as she is a 3-wood.”

Park and Thompson played together in the first round. Park is eighth on tour in driving distance, averaging 270 yards per drive, and Thompson is third, averaging 274.

Thompson loves to hit driver, too, but . . . 

“Lexi hit a lot of 3-woods compared to us when we played together yesterday,” Jones said.

Jones doesn’t find himself talking Park out of hitting driver much.

“It’s really simple,” Jones said. “When you hit driver as straight as she does, why mess around?”

Count Golf Channel analyst Brandel Chamblee, a student of the swing, among admirers of Park’s abilities.

“No other swing in the game comes close to her technical perfection and elegance in my opinion,” Chamblee tweeted Friday.

Come Sunday, Park hopes to complete a perfect sweep of the LPGA’s most important awards.