The single-engine plane landed about 1:45 p.m. Sunday on the Chapman Pasture Golf Course, said Tex Sigman, a dispatcher with the County Sheriff's Office.
There was no fire, and the airplane suffered only moderate damage, Sigman said.
The plane was flying from Central Nebraska Regional Airport in Grand Island to Omaha when it developed a problem, Chapman Fire Chief Jeremy Johnson said.
An operations officer with the central region of the Federal Aviation Administration in Kansas City, Mo., said the Cessna-172's engine failed.
The pilot declined to be interviewed at the scene, and his name was not immediately available.
Tony Molinaro, FAA spokesman for the central region, said the accident will be investigated.