Royal Birkdale last hosted the game’s oldest major championship in 2008, when Padraig Harrington won his second consecutive Open; while Carnoustie hosted the championship in 2007.
The 2017 championship will be Royal Birkdale’s 10th Open, while Carnoustie will be hosting its eighth championship.
“I have always considered Birkdale one of my favorite courses. It’s just a wonderful venue,” said Tom Watson, who also received an age exemption from the R&A to play in next year’s Open at St. Andrews.
The R&A announced last month that Royal Portrush in Northern Ireland would host a future Open, likely in 2019, for the first time since 1951, and Royal Troon is scheduled to host the Open in 2016.