Furyk made a five-foot par putt at the last for a bogey-free 4-under-par 68. He shares the Day 1 lead with Fred Funk in the 84th PGA Championship in Chaska, Minn.
Funk made a late surge, birdieing 15, 16 and 17 to make the most of his first round in a major this season.
'I didn't make Augusta; I didn't make the U.S. Open; and I went over (to Europe) for three weeks to get into the British and didn't qualify for that,' said Funk.
The first round was suspended at 8:19 PM local time, after lightning delayed play for three hours in the morning.
Thirty-nine players will have to complete their opening 18 holes Friday morning.
Australian Peter Lonard was at 4-under, but bogeyed the 18th from a fairway bunker to finish with a round of 69. Justin Rose also ended the day at minus 3.
Two-time U.S. Open champion Lee Janzen shot 70, as did 1997 PGA champion Davis Love III. Love double bogeyed the 16th, but made a long birdie at the last to finish at 2-under.
'It could have been any kind of number, from 66 on up,' said Love, who led after the first round of the Masters, but finished tied for 14th. 'I wanted to get off to a good start and, you know, I can forget all the bad swings and look up at the leaderboard and say I'm in good position for the next three days.'
Jeff Sluman and Mark Calcavecchia narrowly completed their rounds of 70. Greg Norman and Retief Goosen are also at 2-under, through 15 and 14 holes, respectively.
Both Furyk and Funk are seeking their first major titles, and this would be the tournament in which to do so. Eleven of the past 14 winners have made the PGA Championship their first major victory; Tiger Woods (1999 and 2000) and Nick Price (1994) are the only exceptions.
Thursday's marquee threesome of Masters and U.S. Open champion Woods, British Open champion Ernie Els and defending PGA Champion David Toms failed to produce first-round fireworks at the 7,360-yard Hazeltine National Golf Club. Woods shot 1-under 71, Els shot 72, and Toms had a 77.
'To end up at 1-under-par today, with these conditions, I'll take that,' Woods said. 'Anything under par today is going to be a good score.'
Furyk is making just his third start since the birth of his daughter, Caleigh Lynn, on June 24. He missed the cut at the British Open, but tied for 10th in last weeks Buick Open.
Furyk has had major success in the past, with nine top-10 finishes (three in this event), but has missed the cut in all three majors this season.
'It's been a bit of a frustrating year, I've either played really well or really poorly,' said Furyk, who won the Memorial, but has also missed six cuts (the most he's missed since 1995).
Starting at the 10th Thursday, he bogeyed the par-3 13th and birdied the par-4 16th to make the turn in even par. He then played the front side in 4-under 32.
Furyk twice recorded back-to-back birdies on his inward half. He birdied the first and second holes, as well as the sixth and seventh.
Furyk teed off at 7:55 AM local time, but, thanks to the delay, didnt complete his round until 3:30 PM.
Officials sounded the horn at 8:36 AM, just after Woods had hit his opening tee shot. Around 11:30 AM, he finally hit shot No. 2.
There was no rain falling when play was halted, but officials were being very cautious after what happened the last time Hazeltine hosted a major championship.
In the 1991 U.S. Open, spectator Billy Fadell was killed and five other were hospitalized when struck by lightning during the first round.
Upon his return, Woods parred his first hole, the par-4 10th, and then birdied the next two. But after five straight pars, an errant drive at the par-4 18th led to his first bogey of the day. He hit another poor drive at the par-4 first and made 5 to fall to even par for the round.
Tiger split the fairway at the par-4 second, but blew his approach shot into the right greenside bunker. He splashed out to 15 feet and converted the save to avoid a third consecutive bogey.
Els followed his playing partners path. The South African chipped in for birdie at the 10th and rolled in an eight-footer for birdie at 11 to quickly get to 2-under. However, he hit his tee shot into the left water hazard at the signature 16th hole, and then three-putted from 50 feet at the second to give back both strokes.
Likewise, Toms birdied the 11th, but then double bogeyed the 12th and bogeyed 14, 16, 2 and 5. He concluded his day with a double bogey at the par-3 eighth.
'I just had a horrible ball-striking day,' Toms said.
Unlike Toms, though, Woods and Els were able to stay afloat. Els made a 25-footer for birdie at the par-5 third, while Woods matched him with a six-footer at the par-3 fourth.
Woods parred his final five holes; Els bogeyed the ninth.
'It was really hard to pull a club. The wind not only was changing its intensity, but was coming out of different directions, too,' Woods said. 'But overall, I'm very pleased with my round.'
Tiger is trying to become the first player to twice win three majors in the same season. Only Ben Hogan, in 1951, and Woods, in 2000, have done so once.
The world's No. 1, who won the Buick Open, is also trying to become the first player since Lee Trevino in 1971 to win a major championship the week after winning a regular PGA Tour event.
Full-field scores from the 84th PGA Championship