In the process, Short leaped up 296 places to No. 94 in the world. Short, who is playing this season on a major medical exemption, began the year ranked 638th.
Tiger Woods remained in first, while Vijay Singh and Phil Mickelson held their second and third spots. Retief Goosen moved up one to fourth, while Ernie Els, still on the sidelines with a knee injury, dropped to No. 5.
Sergio Garcia stayed in sixth and Furyk, a three-time winner in 'Sin City,' hopped up two to seventh. Adam Scott and Chris DiMarco each slipped one rung to eighth and ninth. David Toms rounded out the top-10 for the second consecutive week.
Kenny Perry and Angel Cabrera switched rankings from last week with the American taking 11th and the Argentinean falling to No. 12. Luke Donald rose three spots to 13th, while Padraig Harrington dropped one to No. 14. Reigning U.S. Open champion Michael Campbell kept his 15th spot.
Colin Montgomerie sank two to 16th, while Davis Love III, Darren Clarke, Tim Clark and David Howell completed the top-20.
Frenchman Raphael Jacquelin collected his first victory on the European Tour at the Open de Madrid. He climbed to No. 86, a 36-spot bump from last week.