Club Fitting for Loft and Lie Angles

By Bruce MartinFebruary 14, 2008, 5:00 pm

Editor's Note: Bruce Martin is a PGA Master Professional with the San Diego Golf Academy. SDGAs program offers a curriculum of golf instruction and golf business management at all four golf schools, and provides graduates with the education required to get the golf job they desire. You'll soon be teaching others how to improve their game! Click here to learn more about SDGA

We must keep in mind that we have the two most important tasks to consider in accomplishing lower scores = accomplishing the proper distance and direction. Lets take a journey into accomplishing better control of both with properly fit equipment.

Iron Lofts
The proper loft on your irons will accomplish the correct trajectory and distance control.
Most irons have a 4 degree difference between each club from the 5 iron through the sand wedge and around 2 to 3 degrees for the longer irons, this typically equates to a 10 yard gap between each club. If you are having trouble with controlling your distance on solidly struck balls, it may not be your swing!


History of iron lofts
1970s and earlier, most, if not all manufacturers followed a similar loft scenario. Enter the 1980s and 1990s, manufacturers starting strengthening their lofts from traditional. Tommy Armour introduced the 845 irons in this era, and they have since changed the modern loft standards that we currently play with. They were nice enough to stamp the loft above the scoring lines on the toe to let the consumer know what they were doing. Typically, what we are playing today is one club stronger than standard lofts. This is when the gap wedge became a necessity for many players. The sand wedge loft has remained the same at 55 to 56 degrees and the pitching wedge has strengthened to around 46 ' 48 degrees. Enter the necessity for the 52 degree gap wedge to cover the huge 8-10 degree yardage gap.
How can the manufacturers de-loft irons and not sacrifice a lower trajectory?
The answer will incorporate 3 modern technological advantages:
1)Lower centers of gravity in head design
2)Shafts that are lighter with lower kick points
3)Modern ball technology.

The best case scenario is to print out a copy of your loft and lie angles from the internet, and have an expert check them on a Mitchell loft and lie machine. From my experiences, testing thousands of students loft angles and comparing them to the manufacturer specification, less than 50 % were correct. Why is this, quality control, and the mass production of clubs that are produced overseas.
I would highly recommend that every Golf Channel viewer have their lofts measured. More than likely, your equipment will need to be bent to the proper lofts. See your local PGA Professional that is equipped with a Mitchell loft and lie machine.
Lie Angles
Having the proper lie angle will help every golfer with better direction. You could have a great swing with the proper path, but an improper lie angle will tilt the face away from the intended target. Direction is half of the battle, why not have your lie angles checked!
Have you ever looked down at your divot, and see that it is aimed left of the green, and the toe portion of the divot is very heavy. You are in need of a simple lie angle adjustment to be a better player.
Fundamentals of lie angles (Right Handed golfer):
If the club lands toe heavy, the heal will open causing shots to the right = slices
If the club lands heal heavy, the toe will close causing shots to the left = hooks
Not only will you sacrifice direction, but with the face plane tilting at impact, the ball will slide across the face causing problems with centeredness.
What determines your lie angle?
The player considerations:
Set-up = Knee flex, forward spine tilt, and preference in how high or low the handle is at address.
In 'swing = The players swing plane angle / path will determine his/her lie angle.

How to test your lie angles
1) Place a sole tape or black electrical tape on the sole of your club.
2) Hit a ball solidly off of a lie board
3) Measure how far the center of the sole impact impression is from the center of the scoring lines.
4) Have your lie angles bent 1 degree for every from the centerline
Considerations: Cast clubs are recommended to be bent at a maximum of 2 degrees. Forged clubs are softer a may be bent more. Consult your local PGA Professional for recommendations for adjusting your lie angles.

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By Grill Room TeamJuly 16, 2018, 10:36 pm
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Johnson begins Open week as 12/1 betting favorite

By Will GrayJuly 16, 2018, 5:15 pm

Dustin Johnson heads into The Open as the top-ranked player in the world, and he's also an understandable betting favorite as he looks to win a second career major.

Johnson has not played since the U.S. Open, where he led by four shots at the halfway point and eventually finished third. He has three top-10 finishes in nine Open appearances, notably a T-2 finish at Royal St. George's in 2011.

Johnson opened as a 12/1 favorite when the Westgate Las Vegas Superbook first published odds for Carnoustie after the U.S. Open, and he remains at that number with the first round just three days away.

Here's a look at the latest odds on some of the other top contenders, according to the Westgate:

12/1: Dustin Johnson

16/1: Rory McIlroy, Rickie Fowler, Justin Rose

20/1: Jordan Spieth, Justin Thomas, Tommy Fleetwood, Brooks Koepka, Jon Rahm

25/1: Jason Day, Henrik Stenson, Tiger Woods

30/1: Sergio Garcia, Francesco Molinari, Paul Casey, Alex Noren, Patrick Reed

40/1: Hideki Matsuyama, Marc Leishman, Branden Grace, Tyrrell Hatton

50/1: Phil Mickelson, Ian Poulter, Matthew Fitzpatrick

60/1: Russell Knox, Louis Oosthuizen, Matt Kuchar, Bryson DeChambeau, Zach Johnson, Tony Finau, Bubba Watson

80/1: Lee Westwood, Adam Scott, Patrick Cantlay, Rafael Cabrera-Bello, Thomas Pieters, Xander Schauffele

100/1: Shane Lowry, Webb Simpson, Brandt Snedeker, Ryan Fox, Thorbjorn Olesen

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Woods needs top-10 at Open to qualify for WGC

By Will GrayJuly 16, 2018, 4:34 pm

If Tiger Woods is going to qualify for the final WGC-Bridgestone Invitational at Firestone Country Club, he'll need to do something he hasn't done in five years this week at The Open.

Woods has won eight times at Firestone, including his most recent PGA Tour victory in 2013, and has openly stated that he would like to qualify for the no-cut event in Akron before it shifts to Memphis next year. But in order to do so, Woods will need to move into the top 50 in the Official World Golf Ranking after this week's event at Carnoustie.

Woods is currently ranked No. 71 in the world, down two spots from last week, and based on projections it means that he'll need to finish no worse than a tie for eighth to have a chance of cracking the top 50. Woods' last top-10 finish at a major came at the 2013 Open at Muirfield, where he tied for sixth.

Updated Official World Golf Ranking

There are actually two OWGR cutoffs for the Bridgestone, July 23 and July 30. That means that Woods could theoretically still add a start at next week's RBC Canadian Open to chase a spot in the top 50, but he has said on multiple occasions that this week will be his last start of the month. The WGC-Bridgestone Invitational will be played Aug. 2-5.

There wasn't much movement in the world rankings last week, with the top 10 staying the same heading into the season's third major. Dustin Johnson remains world No. 1, followed by Justin Thomas, Justin Rose, Brooks Koepka and Jon Rahm. Defending Open champ Jordan Spieth is ranked sixth, with Rickie Fowler, Rory McIlroy, Jason Day and Tommy Fleetwood rounding out the top 10.

Despite taking the week off, Sweden's Alex Noren moved up three spots from No. 14 to No. 11, passing Patrick Reed, Bubba Watson and Paul Casey.

John Deere Classic champ Michael Kim went from No. 473 to No. 215 in the latest rankings, while South African Brandon Stone jumped from 371st to 110th with his win at the Scottish Open.

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Spieth takes familiar break ahead of Open defense

By Rex HoggardJuly 16, 2018, 3:50 pm

CARNOUSTIE, Scotland – As his title chances seemed to be slipping away during the final round of last year’s Open Championship, Jordan Spieth’s caddie took a moment to remind him who he was.

Following a bogey at No. 13, Michael Greller referenced a recent vacation he’d taken to Mexico where he’d spent time with Michael Phelps and Michael Jordan and why he deserved to be among that group of singular athletes.

Spieth, who won last year’s Open, decided to continue the tradition, spending time in Cabo again before this week’s championship.

Full coverage of the 147th Open Championship

“I kind of went through the same schedule,” Spieth said on Monday at Carnoustie. “It was nice to have a little vacation.”

Spieth hasn’t played since the Travelers Championship; instead he attended the Special Olympics USA Games earlier this month in Seattle with his sister. It was Spieth’s first time back to the Pacific Northwest since he won the 2015 U.S. Open.

“I went out to Chambers Bay with [Greller],” Spieth said. “We kind of walked down the 18th hole. It was cool reliving those memories.”

But most of all Spieth said he needed a break after a particularly tough season.

“I had the itch to get back to it after a couple weeks of not really working,” he said. “It was nice to kind of have that itch to get back.”