Energy drinks Do they really deliver energy

By Golf Fitness MagazineFebruary 12, 2009, 5:00 pm
Energy is a hot commodity these days with our fast-paced lives trying to squeeze everything from work to family to the all important play time. The result is often a schedule that is a jam-packed and no energy to do everything we want to be able to do. Instead of getting more rest, eating right, and exercising regularly, many people turn to energy drinks to give them an added boost.
 
Energy drinks are basically soft drinks that either contain a form of sugar or artificial sweetener, caffeine, and various other ingredients. Energy drinks became a unique beverage category in 1997 when Red Bull was introduced to the United States from Austria. From 2001 to 2006, there was a 516 percent increase in U.S. sales of energy drinks. The market hit $5.4 billion in 2007 and is expected to reach $10 billion by 2010. Sugar-free energy drinks are one of the fastest growing segments of the energy drink market due to concerns of calories and excess carbohydrates from sugar.
 

Anatomy of an energy drink


Caffeine
The main active ingredient in energy drinks is caffeine. Caffeine is a stimulant, so it does give at least the appearance of energy because it stimulates the brain and central nervous system. Caffeine can come in a variety of forms, and many energy drinks contain guarana or yerba mate, both plants containing caffeine.
 
Surprisingly, energy drinks are not as high in caffeine as you may think. Most have about 80 milligrams (mg) of caffeine in an 8 oz. can, and the 16 oz. cans may have double that. However, some energy drinks have as much as 350 mg in a can. To put this into perspective, an average cup of coffee has 140 mg per 8 oz., or 250 in a Starbucks tall (12 oz.). A can of soda has between 35-55 mg of caffeine, and a cup of tea has about 50 mg. The FDA does not require caffeine content to be on labels, so it is difficult to know exactly how much caffeine is in a beverage. Some energy drink Web sites reveal the amount of caffeine contained in their products.
 
Some studies have found that caffeine does indeed help improve cognitive and athletic performance, but most studies do not support a significant effect. The risks of excessive caffeine intake can outweigh these potential positive effects. Too much caffeine can cause high blood pressure, rapid heart rate, nervousness, irritability, inability to sleep, anxiety, and may eventually lead to ulcers. Most health organizations recommend a moderate caffeine intake of less than 300 mg per day, or about the equivalent of 24 ounces of energy drinks.
 
Sugar
Most energy drinks contain some form of sugar. Liquid sugar is the nutrient that gets into the bloodstream the quickest, offering instant energy. If you ever feel hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) you know to drink juice or regular soda to get your sugar up fast. But what goes up must come down, and when blood sugar rises quickly, it also falls quickly. Energy drinks can give people a temporary buzz, but the effect is fleeting, says Dawn Jackson Blatner, R.D., a spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association. But once the initial jolt wears off, people often feel more lethargic than before the drink.
 
Some energy drink brands now offer sugar-free varieties. These do not contain sugar or calories, but do contain artificial sweeteners.
 
B Vitamins
In order to process energy in the body, certain B vitamins are necessary. Energy drinks add B vitamins such as niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, B-12, and folic acid. While these vitamins are important for metabolism, increased amounts will not produce additional energy. If someone is deficient, the additional vitamins may help, but most people are not deficient, since these nutrients are abundant in our food supply and available in all multivitamins.
 
Taurine
Taurine is a non-essential amino acid thought to improve reaction time and concentration. In most people, taurine is abundant in the body. Taurine is also found in meats and seafood.
 
Ginseng
Ginseng is an herbal supplement used to provide energy. Studies do not support the use of ginseng, and long-term side effects are unknown. Short-term side effects include inability to sleep, headaches, and increased blood pressure.
 
D-Ribose
Present in every cell in the body, D-Ribose is naturally occurring sugar needed to produce ATP, or energy in the body. Research is scant as to whether additional ribose in a supplement or beverage will produce additional feelings of energy.
 
L-Carnitine
L-Carnitine is used by the body to break down fat to use for energy. Carnitine deficiencies are rare, and research has not revealed whether more is better.
 
Potential risks
Energy drinks are often heavily promoted to people involved in sports. However, they are not recommended to rehydrate after exercise, due to the fairly high caffeine content.
 
Since concentration is such an important aspect of golf, a small amount of caffeine may enhance this ability during play. But, according to Dawn Jackson Blatner, author of The Flexitarian Diet, Too much caffeine can negatively affect performance by making it difficult to focus, and increased nervousness and jitters.
 
If you have any medical conditions related to high blood pressure or heart disease, you definitely should exercise caution before using any products that contain large amounts of caffeine or other stimulants.
 
Caffeine has a half-life of six hours, meaning that only half the amount of caffeine you drink is depleted after six hours. Since it can linger in your system for up to 12 hours after ingested, dont have caffeine after noon, or it could affect your quality of sleep.
 
Energy drinks often contain ingredients that are not well studied in humans. For that reason, use caution with energy drink consumption. If you want to drink one, start out with a small amount to see how your body reacts. Everybody responds differently to food additives. The stimulant nature of many of the ingredients in energy drinks, especially when combined with alcohol, could have serious consequences.
 
How the body gets energy
Our body gets real physical energy from calories. The definition of a calorie is energy. But since most of us do not have a deficit of calories, why are we often still so tired? Our bodies can only use a certain amount of energy at a given time. When we give our body too much energy it stores it as fat. That excess fat causes us to feel lethargic and not burn as much energy because we are too tired and heavy to move around. When we skip meals or go too long between meals without a snack, our body is low on energy and it is forced to take primarily from our muscle.
 
Bottom line
Energy drinks may be harmless in small quantities for most healthy people. However, if you rely on energy drinks to boost your energy, it is much better to discover why you are feeling low on energy in the first place. Energy drinks are expensive and just dont live up to the claims they make.
 
Maintain energy levels naturally

1.Get 7-9 hours of uninterrupted sleep nightly.
2.Stay well hydrated with 70-100 ounces of fluid daily.
3.Exercise your heart regularly through 30-90 minutes of moderate to intense aerobic exercise daily.
4.Eat light and eat often. Do not go more than 3-4 hours between meals without having a snack to bridge your glucose in between.
5.Eat complex carbohydrates for your bodys preferred source of energy. Foods like bread, rice, pasta, cereal, and tortillas are good choices, especially the whole grain variety.
6.Manage the stress in your life.
7.Guard your time so you do not over-schedule yourself. Allow time for relaxation and rest.
8.If you are smoker, quit smoking. Smoking depletes the oxygen in your blood, leaving you fatigued.

 
EDITORS NOTE: Golf Fitness Magazine is the only national consumer publication dedicated to golf-specific fitness, mental focus, and improving ability, performance and health among all golfers. Our priority is to maximize your potential, lower your scores, reduce your risk of injury, and extend your golfing years. Each issue has departments dedicated to men, women, seniors, and juniors along with tips, advice and simple exercise routines from GFMs team of experts. If you want to improve your golf game, and hit the ball farther, click here for special offers on a subscription so you can have all this and more in-depth advice delivered right to you! Get cutting edge fitness & mental tips sent to your inbox each month with our FREE golf performance eNewsletter, Shape Your Game. To contact our Senior Editor, Publisher or Online Editor with questions or comments, please visit our web site golffitnessmagazine.com for more information.
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(Not that) Jutanugarn shares lead with (not that) Ko

By Associated PressApril 22, 2018, 1:58 am

LOS ANGELES - A player eager for her first win and a rookie top the leaderboard at the HUGEL-JTBC LA Open. Lurking two shots back is a Hall of Famer.

Winless Moriya Jutanugarn overcame a poor start and birdied the 18th for a hard-earned 1-under 70 to tie rookie Jin Young Ko at 9 under on Saturday at Wilshire Country Club.

Ko shot a 66 in her bid to become the year's first two-time LPGA winner. She won the Women's Australian Open in February, her first victory as an official tour member after a successful run on the Korean LPGA circuit.

''I'm ready for win or top 10, so maybe tomorrow I will really focus on shot by shot,'' said Ko, who added an exclamation point to her golf bag for each of her wins on the KLPGA. ''I won 11 times, so if I win tomorrow, maybe I change to 12. I need more, I need every time motivation.''

Jutanugarn is trying to match younger sister Ariya as a tour champion. Seven-time winner Ariya was tied for 27th after a 72 in the third round.

Usually when one of the Thai sisters is in the lead, the other will watch when her round is finished.

''If she's not too lazy, she is probably going to come out,'' Moriya said about Ariya.

Playing in an all-Korean threesome, Hall of Famer Inbee Park was two shots back in third after a 69. Her birdie putt for a share of the lead on 18 slid just by the hole. The group drew a large contingent of Korean fans.


Full-field scores from the Hugel-JTBC Open


''I kind of started off a little bad. I was able to come back strong, so I'm really happy with that,'' Park said. ''I left a few putts out there. The greens around this golf course are just really tough. You just don't know what's going to happen.''

Moriya Jutanugarn's round included a double bogey on the par-4 first hole and a bogey on the par-4 sixth. She eagled the par-4 14th after holing out from the fairway 93 feet away. The ball took once bounce and went in, eliciting a stunned look from Jutanugarn before she high-fived her caddie.

''Today was kind of a pretty rough day for me with not a very good start and like trying to come back,'' Jutanugarn said. ''I just try to play my game and be patient out there I think is the key.''

Jutanugarn, the second-round leader, read the break perfectly on a long putt to make birdie on 18 and share the lead with Ko.

Playing two groups ahead of Jutanugarn, Caroline Inglis also eagled the 14th from 180 yards. She briefly jumped up and down and smiled after three bogeys and a double bogey. She shot a 69 and was four shots back in a tie for sixth with Minjee Lee.

''It was like one bounce and then it like trickled in,'' Inglis said.

Aditi Ashok eagled 14 early in the round.

Ko did some scrambling of her own. Her ball found a sandy hazard on the 17th with a scoreboard and a winding creek in between her and the green 190 yards away. Her approach landed just off the green and she made par. Her round included six birdies and a bogey on 16.

Eun-Hee Ji (70) and American Marina Alex (72) were tied for fourth at 6 under.

Top-ranked Shanshan Feng shot a 70 and was in a six-way tie for 12th at 2 under.

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Defending champs Singh, Franco take senior lead

By Associated PressApril 22, 2018, 12:15 am

RIDGEDALE, Mo. - Defending champions Vijay Singh and Carlos Franco took the third-round lead Saturday in the windy Bass Pro Shops Legends of Golf.

Singh and Franco shot a 7-under 47 in wind gusting to 20 mph on the Top of the Rock par-3 course to get to 19-under 145, a stroke ahead of the teams of David Toms-Steve Flesch and Paul Broadhurst-Kirk Triplett.

''It was a tough day,'' Singh said. ''The wind was swirling, have to get the club right and we made some putts. Carlos played really well on the back nine and I played really well on the front nine, so we ham-and-egged it a little.''

Toms and Flesch also shot 47, and Broadhurst and Triplett had a 33 on the 13-hole Mountain Top par-3 course.

''We just paired well together,'' Toms said. ''I don't think either one of us played great. We picked each other up out there.''

Wind and rain is expected Sunday when the teams finish at Top of the Rock, again playing the front nine in alternate shot and the back nine in better ball.

''Make as many birdies as possible and see what happens,'' Singh said. ''That's all we can do.''

Singh and Franco are trying to become the first to successfully defend a title since Jim Colbert and Andy North in 2001. Singh won the Toshiba Classic in March for his first individual senior title.


Full-field scores from the Bass Pro Shops Legends of Golf


Flesch won the Mitsubishi Electric Classic last week in Georgia for his first senior victory.

Tom Lehman and Bernhard Langer had a 34 at Mountain Top to join Spanish stars Miguel Angel Jimenez and Jose Maria Olazabal at 17 under. Jimenez and Olazabal had a 33 at Mountain Top.

''It's great for me to be able to play with him as a team member,'' Olazabal said. ''We do have great memories from the Ryder Cup and other events, and it's always a great pleasure to play with a great player and a friend.''

Langer took the final-round forecast in stride.

''We've done it hundreds of times before and we'll probably do it again,'' Langer said. ''We'll make the best of it. We both have a good attitude. We're known to play in all sorts of weather and I just look forward to playing one more day with my partner here.''

Wisconsin neighbors Steve Stricker and Jerry Kelly were 16 under after a 48 at Top of the Rock.

John Daly and Michael Allen, the second-round leaders after a 46 at Top of the Rock, had a 37 at Mountain Top to drop into a tie for seventh at 15 under.

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Landry shares Valero lead, eyes first career win

By Will GrayApril 21, 2018, 11:15 pm

After coming up just short of a breakthrough win earlier this season, Andrew Landry has another chance to earn his maiden victory at the Valero Texas Open.

Landry came within inches of winning the CareerBuilder Challenge in January, ultimately losing to Jon Rahm in a four-hole playoff. He struggled to find form in the wake of his close call, missing the cut in each of his four starts following his runner-up finish in Palm Springs.

But Landry took some time off to welcome his first child, Brooks, last month and he made it to the weekend in his first start back last week at the RBC Heritage, where he finished T-42. He made a move up the standings Saturday at TPC San Antonio with a bogey-free 67, and at 13 under shares the lead with Zach Johnson heading into the final round.

"I just did everything really good," Landry told reporters. "I was staying patient and just trying to make a bunch of pars. This golf course can come up and bite you in a heartbeat, and I had a couple bad putts that I didn't really make. I'm happy with it, it's a good 5-under round. Gets me in the final group tomorrow and we'll see what happens."


Full-field scores from the Valero Texas Open

Valero Texas Open: Articles, photos and videos


Landry started the day one shot off the pace and in the final group with Johnson and Ryan Moore, and at one point he took sole possession of the lead after birdies on three of his first six holes. Now he'll have another chance in the day's final tee time where he's grouped with Johnson and Trey Mullinax, who sits one shot back after firing a course-record 62 in the third round.

For Landry, it's another opportunity to break into the winner's circle, and it's one for which he feels prepared after coming so close three months ago.

"I mean, I don't want to go too deep into it because I don't want to sound cocky or anything, but I just believe in myself. There's no other explanation for it," Landry said. "You can totally get out here and play with Zach Johnson, Ryan Moore, two top players in the world, and you can go out there and fold under pressure or you can learn a lot.

"Zach's always been a role model to me the way he plays golf, I feel like we have very similar games, and it's just going to be fun tomorrow getting to play with him again."

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Z. Johnson, Landry share 54-hole Texas Open lead

By Associated PressApril 21, 2018, 10:56 pm

SAN ANTONIO - Zach Johnson birdied the par-5 18th Saturday at the Valero Texas Open for a share of the third-round lead with Andrew Landry, a stroke ahead of record-setting Trey Mullinax.

Johnson shot a 4-under 68, holing a 10-footer on 18 to match Landry at 13-under 203 at TPC San Antonio's AT&T Oaks. Landry birdied the 16th and 17th in a 67.

Johnson won the event in 2008 and 2009, the last two times it was played at LaCantera. The 42-year-old Iowan is trying to win for the first time since the 2015 British Open.

''I've got 18 holes to get to that point,'' Johnson said. ''I've got to do exactly what I did on the back side and that was give myself opportunities on every hole. I'm putting great, I'm seeing the lines well, my caddie's reading the greens well, so it's just a matter of committing and executing down the stretch.''

The 30-year-old Landry is winless on the tour.

''I'm a good putter and I just need to give myself a lot of opportunities tomorrow like I did today,'' Landry said. ''I'll be looking forward to tomorrow.''

Mullinax had a course-record 62. He played the back nine in 7-under 29, going 6 under on the last five with eagles on the par-5 14th and 18th and birdies on 16 and 17. He also birdied Nos. 10 and 12 and bogeyed 11.

''It's probably one of the best rounds I've ever had,'' Mullinax said. ''To go out there and shoot 62 on a hard golf course is really good.''

Johnson played the front nine in even par with two birdies and two bogeys. He birdied Nos. 11, 14, 15 and 18 on the back nine.


Full-field scores from the Valero Texas Open

Valero Texas Open: Articles, photos and videos


''Different wind today early on, misjudged some numbers, misjudged some wind, made some bad swings, all of the above,'' Johnson said. ''But truthfully, my short game was actually pretty good, my putting was great. I missed some putts, but I hit some really good ones, hit some lines and I gave myself opportunities especially on the back side.''

Landry had a bogey-free round.

''I just did everything really good,'' Landry said. ''I was staying patient and just trying to make a bunch of pars. This golf course can come up and bite you in a heartbeat.''

Ryan Moore was two strokes back at 11 under after a 70. Sean O'Hair had a 65 to join 2015 champion Jimmy Walker (67), Chris Kirk (68) and 2013 winner Martin Laird (69) at 9 under.

''I just feel like I'm getting closer and closer to playing better and better golf, more solid golf, putting rounds together,'' Walker said. ''I'm excited for the opportunity tomorrow.''

Mullinax has made 42 of 44 putts from inside 10 feet this week.

''They just kind of remind me of greens from home,'' Mullinax said. ''My caddie, David (Flynn), has been reading them really well. We trusted each other on our reads and I've been hitting good putts. Been working hard on putting on the weeks off that I've had so it's good to see some results.''

The 25-year-old former Alabama player chipped in for the eagle on 14 and the birdie on the par-3 16th.

''It was just a little bit down the hill,'' he said about the 16th. ''All you had to do was just land it just past that little light grass spot. My caddie told me just read it like a putt, so I tried to just read it like a putt and it went in.''

On 18, he hit a 3-iron from 255 yards to 15 feet to set up his eagle putt. He broke the course record of 63 set by Matt Every in 201 and matched by Laird in 2013. The tournament record is 60 at LaCantera, by Bart Bryant in 2004 and Johnson in 2009.